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How to install NGINX web server on rhel 6 with practical step by step guide

Posted on 9 November 2018 | 12:25 pm by


How to install NGINX web server  on  rhel 6 with practical step by step guide

In this article we learn what is NGINX webserver and how to install NGINX web server and how to start NGINX service and know about location of NGINX related files.

What is NGINX webserver

NGINX is the high performance web server which serves 10,000 concurrent users at a time.it acts as a reverse proxy and placed in front of the webserver. It handles ssl, loadbalancing feature  and so on.

How to install NGINX web server on RHEL6

By default there  is no package related to NGINX web server. We have to install epel repo to install the NGINX web server.epel is the extra packages which is very useful to serve our need and commonly used software .to install epel repo we execute the following command  and as well as we need to install wget package  to install the epel repositories.

[root@localhost yum.repos.d]# yum install wget
Loaded plugins: ulninfo
Setting up Install Process
public_ol6_UEKR4                                         | 1.2 kB     00:00
public_ol6_UEKR4/primary                                 | 2.9 MB     00:19
public_ol6_UEKR4                                                        135/135
public_ol6_latest                                        | 1.4 kB     00:00
public_ol6_latest/primary                                | 7.1 MB     01:05
public_ol6_latest                                                   11288/11288
Resolving Dependencies
--> Running transaction check
---> Package wget.x86_64 0:1.12-10.el6 will be installed
--> Finished Dependency Resolution

Dependencies Resolved

================================================================================
 Package     Arch          Version               Repository                Size
================================================================================
Installing:
 wget        x86_64        1.12-10.el6           public_ol6_latest        483 k

Transaction Summary
================================================================================
Install       1 Package(s)

Total download size: 483 k
Installed size: 1.8 M
Is this ok [y/N]: y

Now we are going to install epel repo using the below command.

[root@localhost ~]# wget https://dl.fedoraproject.org/pub/epel/6/x86_64/epel-release-6-8.noarch.rpm
--2018-11-04 16:36:19--  https://dl.fedoraproject.org/pub/epel/6/x86_64/epel-release-6-8.noarch.rpm
Resolving dl.fedoraproject.org... 209.132.181.25, 209.132.181.23, 209.132.181.24
Connecting to dl.fedoraproject.org|209.132.181.25|:443... connected.
HTTP request sent, awaiting response... 200 OK
Length: 14540 (14K) [application/x-rpm]
Saving to: “epel-release-6-8.noarch.rpm”

100%[======================================>] 14,540      16.7K/s   in 0.9s

2018-11-04 16:36:22 (16.7 KB/s) - “epel-release-6-8.noarch.rpm” saved [14540/14540]

Now we need to install epel rpm package.

[root@localhost ~]# rpm -ivh epel-release-6-8.noarch.rpm
warning: epel-release-6-8.noarch.rpm: Header V3 RSA/SHA256 Signature, key ID 0608b895: NOKEY
Preparing...                ########################################### [100%]
   1:epel-release           ########################################### [100%]


To install the NGINX web server we execute the below command.

#yum install nginx
---> Package perl-Pod-Escapes.x86_64 1:1.04-144.el6 will be installed
--> Running transaction check
---> Package libXau.x86_64 0:1.0.6-4.el6 will be installed
--> Finished Dependency Resolution

Dependencies Resolved

================================================================================
 Package                    Arch   Version              Repository         Size
================================================================================
Installing:
 nginx                      x86_64 1.10.2-1.el6         epel              462 k
Installing for dependencies:
 GeoIP                      x86_64 1.6.5-1.el6          epel              113 k
 GeoIP-GeoLite-data         noarch 2018.04-1.el6        epel              547 k
 GeoIP-GeoLite-data-extra   noarch 2018.04-1.el6        epel               26 M
 fontconfig                 x86_64 2.8.0-5.el6          public_ol6_latest 185 k
 freetype                   x86_64 2.3.11-17.el6        public_ol6_latest 360 k
 gd                         x86_64 2.0.35-11.el6        public_ol6_latest 141 k
 geoipupdate                x86_64 2.2.1-2.el6          epel        
  
How to install NGINX web server  on  rhel 6 with practical step by step guide
How to install NGINX web server  on  rhel 6 with practical step by step guide

How to turn on NGINX service


After installing the NGINX server we need to turn on NGINX service to turn on the service we execute the below command.

#chkconfig nginx on

How to start/stop/restart the NGINX service


To start,stop and restart the NGINX service we need to execute the below command.

#service nginx start
#service nginx stop
#service nginx restart


Configuration files of the NGINX web server


Default configuration file: /etc/nginx/nginx.conf
Default SSL and vhost config directory: /etc/nginx/conf.d/
Default document root directory: /usr/share/nginx/html
Default server access log file: /var/log/nginx/access.log
Default server access log file: /var/log/nginx/error.log
Default log file directory: /var/log/nginx/

Now the NGINX web server is installed in the next article we learn how to configure the NGINX web server and how it is working as a reverse proxy and act as a load balancer.



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